Finally the Govt has decided to celebrate Bihar Divas to commemorate the 98th anniversary of separate statehood status to Bihar. This historic land of great legends will now celebrate its identity of a great state on 22nd March every year. This could well be a small step in laying the foundation of Bihari sub nationalism , which was much ravaged in the past. Given the stupendous growth and changes in Bihar’s fortune , which is now well acknowledged and appreciated by one and all, this celebration could not have been timed better.
The name Bihar is derived from “Vihara” – a land of monasteries. Bihar has been the cradle of world religions and legends through the history of mankind. Hindu, Buddhist, Jain,Muslim, and Sikh shrines abound in this ancient land. Earliest myths and legends of Hinduism are associated with Bihar.
Bihar the ancient land of Buddha, has witnessed a golden period of the Indian history. The state finds a mention in the Vedas, Puranas, and epics. The main activities of Buddha and 24th Jain Tirthankar took place in this state.
The history of Bihar is very ancient. In fact, it extends to the very dawn of human civilization. Earliest myths and legends of Hinduism the Sanatana (Eternal) Dharma – are associated with Bihar. Sita, the consort of Lord Rama, and daughter of King Janak of Videha was a princess of Bihar. The author of the Hindu epic, The Ramayana, Maharishi Valmiki, lived in Ancient Bihar.
Read more about Bihar’s history here
Bihar was separated from Bengal Presidency in 1912, Bihar and Orissa comprised a single province at that time. Later, under the Government of India Act of 1935, the Division of Orissa became a separate province. Today Bihar Divas is being celebrated with full gusto in Patna , Delhi and Biharis all over the world have joined the celebrations. The main celebration is being held in Patna Gandhi Maidan where replicas of the secretariat, Golghar, Mahabodhi temple and Jal Mandir of Pawapuri have been made, besides a 12-feet high statue of Lord Buddha. At the entrance, the replicas of Yakshi and Ashokan Pillar have been installed. Also, replicas of all places of worship, temple, mosque, gurdwara and church have been installed to attract the visitors.